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Real Time Programming for Embedded Systems

Course Introduction:

This course is ideal for engineers who are new to the field of real-time. It is also applicable to both managers and engineers who are considering the use of Real-Time Operating Systems on future projects.

Course Objective:

Appreciate the use of multitasking techniques in real-time systems.

Understand the fundamental concepts of real-time operating systems.

Understand the features and structures of practical implementations.

Appreciate how application areas (e.g. safety-critical, desktop, etc.) impact on RTOS facilities.

Be competent to progress to vendor-specific detailed training.

Suitable for:

This course is ideal for engineers who are new to the field of real-time.

It is also applicable to both managers and engineers who are considering the use of Real-Time Operating Systems on future projects.

Pre-requisites:

• Knowledge of a high level language (e.g. C, C++, etc.)
• An understanding of the fundamentals of computer-based systems

Course Contents

Introduction to Embedded Systems An overview on Embedded Software Life Cycle Development Choosing a right mix
Basic Components of a System Introduction to Real time system Types of OS under Embedded Systems
Processor Types of RTS Mobile OS
Memory Hard Embedded OS
I/O Soft RTOS
Applications Firm Rendering Pipeline
Introduction to Real Time Operating Systems (RTOS). Components of RTOS Introduction to various scheduling policies
Common terms used in Operating systems and also in RTOS. Task and Thread Some common scheduling mechanism
Types of kernel: Micro vs. Monolithic The task states Non-preemptive
Commercial RTOS The control block: Program structure Cooperative
An example RTOS: VX-Works The functionalities for a task Preemptive
Other RTOS: A brief on SMX( H-RTOS ) Thread Static scheduling
Components of RTOS. Basic program structure Dynamic scheduling
The real need of Thread
Parallel execution
Parallel Hardware architecture
Atomicity support
Software architecture
Types of thread
User/Kernel level threads s
Memory management Inter Process Communication Introduction to Interrupts and Timer
Address Spaces Direct Communication ISR fundamental
Physical, virtual, linear, and logical memory Indirect Communication Timer Fundamental
Hierarchy of memory (MTD) Mailbox Understanding the Application's need
X86 Memory Model (Typical Example) Pipes
Segmentation Message queue
Paging Shared memory
A program memory Map [Model dependent] Signal
Memory allocation and reallocation Inter process Synchronization
Fixed partition Semaphores
Dynamic Binary and Counting semaphore.
Priority inversion
Problems and solution around them.

Training Programs